The Independence of Bangladesh was one of the most important event to have occurred in the World Politics of 20th Century. It was not just dismemberment of the then biggest Muslim State in terms of Population, but was also a great question mark on the survival of the state that was founded only on the basis of Religion. Constructivism is an approach in International Relations that contends that Reality is inter-subjective and is constructed through the interaction of different players and institutions. This Research Paper makes an in-depth analysis of different factors that played important role in creation of Bangladesh. The two Nation theory on which Pakistan was founded has been dealt in this paper. The value of given identity depends upon its number and the binding potential of an identity is more in case of identity being in substantive minority than when the identity is in majority. The colonial construct of labelling the entire community as either martial or coward was also responsible for the crisis. The lack of democratic development has also been highlighted as it reduced the capability of Pakistani state in dealing with aspirations of people of East Pakistan. The paper also seeks to critically analyze the role of India in formation of Bangladesh.
Cite this article:
Tripuresh Pathak. Constructivist Analysis of Independence of Bangladesh. Research Journal of Humanities and Social Sciences. 2021; 12(4):245-0. doi: 10.52711/2321-5828.2021.00044
Tripuresh Pathak. Constructivist Analysis of Independence of Bangladesh. Research Journal of Humanities and Social Sciences. 2021; 12(4):245-0. doi: 10.52711/2321-5828.2021.00044 Available on: https://rjhssonline.com/AbstractView.aspx?PID=2021-12-4-11
1. Adler, Emanuel. (1997) ‘Seizing the Middle Ground: Constructivism in World Politics’, European Journal of International Relations, 3(3), pp.319-363.http://www.ir.rochelleterman.com/sites/default/files/adler%201997.pdf Accessed on 12-07-2021.
2. Ayoob, Muhammed. (2018) ‘Explaining 1971’, The Hindu, 15 March.https://www.thehindu.com/opinion/op-ed/explaining-1971/article23247097.ece Accessed on 12-07-2021.
3. Cohen, Stephen Philip. (2004) The Idea of Pakistan. Washington D.C.: Brookings Institution Press.
4. Haider, Daud (2021) ‘How Bangladesh was Born’, The Indian Express, 26 March. https://indianexpress.com/article/opinion/columns/bangladesh-liberation-independence-day-1797-war-east-pakistan-7245363/ Accessed on 12-07-2021.
5. Katzenstein, Peter J. (Edited) (1996) Culture of National Security: Norms and Identity in World Politics, 1st Edition. New York: Columbia University Press.
6. Mookherjee, Nayanika. (2015) The Spectral Wound: Sexual Violence, Public Memories and the Bangladesh War of 1971, 1st Edition. Durham (U.S.): Duke University Press.
7. Raghavan, Srinath. (2013) 1971: A Global History of the Creation of Bangladesh, 1st Edition. Harvard: Harvard University Press.
8. Sodhar, Muhammad Qasim. (2017) Ethnic Conflicts: The Problems of Bengali Identity in Pakistan and Tribal Identity Problem in Chittagong Hill Tracts, Bangladesh (1947-1975), International Research Journal of Social Sciences, 7(4), pp.51-61.https://www.researchgate.net/publication/316147095_Ethnic_Conflicts_The_Problems_of_Bengali_Identity_in_Pakistan_and_Tribal_Identity_Problem_In_Chittagong_Hill_Tracts_Bangladesh_1947-1975 Accessed on 12-07-2021.
9. Wendt, Alexander. (1999) Social Theory of International Politics, 1st Edition. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press
10. Zehfuss, Maza. (2002) Constructivism in International Relations: The Politics of Reality, 1st Edition. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.