The research methodology used in this article was analytical and descriptive in nature, liberalism and Marxism are two schools of thought which have left deep imprints in political, sociological and economic theory. Both have been very fruitful in illuminating a wide range of common issues across these fields and yet are usually perceived as opposite, rival approaches contradicting each other in general.
The article is composed of three sections — a presentation of how the problem of democracy historically arose between liberalism and Marxism; the proposal of a beginning synthesis of the Marxist and liberal views via the creation of a joint index of democracy which incorporates insights from both camps; and an initial application of this index to the transition countries.
Cite this article:
Arun Norge . Theories of Democracy: (Liberal and Marxist Democracy). Research J. Humanities and Social Sciences. 3(2): April-June, 2012, 173-178.