India with Bangladesh forms 4095 K.M long border line, among this West Bengal shares 2216 K.M (more than 54%) and the people of the both geographical region are linguistically and ethnically similar. So as an Indian state West Bengal is highly affected by Bangladeshi cross border migration. A bulk of migration current was flow towards West Bengal after partition of Bengal in 1941 and subsequently different political movements pushed the Hindu population from Bangladesh up to 1971. This political nature of migration gradually converted into economic migration and Hindu migration streams replaced by poor Muslims. Growth of population of West Bengal is largely affected by this migration especially in boarder districts because a considerable difference is observed between population growth and natural increase. Bangladeshi migration not only changes the demographic scenario but also creates different social problems. This paper aims to analysis the nature of Bangladeshi migration and its consequences from 1941 to 2011 but after 25 march 1971 it was declared ‘illegal’ by the Govt. of India. So the study about illegal migrants is based on the publication of different journals, news papers, publication of international organizations, Govt. of India, Bangladesh and West Bengal publications.
Cite this article:
Kuntal Kanti Chattoraj. Impact of Migration and Infiltration from Bangladesh to West Bengal: A Historical and Demographic Perspective. Res. J. Humanities and Social Sciences. 2018; 9(4): 870-874. doi: 10.5958/2321-5828.2018.00145.6