Author(s): Subismita Lenka, Kunal Pattnaik

Email(s): subismita.lenka@gmail.com , kunal.pattnaik@gmail.com

DOI: 10.5958/2321-5828.2020.00029.7   

Address: Subismita Lenka1, Kunal Pattnaik2
1Assistant Professor of English, Department of HSS, ITER, Siksha ‘O’ Anusandhan Deemed to be University.
2Assistant Professor of English, Department of Basic Science and Humanities, Gandhi Institute for Technological Advancement.
*Corresponding Author

Published In:   Volume - 11,      Issue - 3,     Year - 2020


ABSTRACT:
Narayan the innovator makes use of modern techniques of pre-figuration and intertextuality to add spice and colour to the traditional Indian story. In fact, a critical evaluation of the use of pre-figuration and intertextuality by Narayan in The Guide forms a staple ingredient of this article. With regards to pre-figuration and intertextuality in Narayan’s The Guide, one will come across a multitude of parallel references in the works of other writers. Prominent among them are Saul Bellow’s Henderson the Rain King, Rama Mehta’s Inside the Haveli, Bhabani Bhattacharya’s Music for Mohini and Arun Joshi’s The Strange Case of Billy Biswas. Both Saul Bellow’s Henderson and Narayan’s Raju were the cause for bringing rain to their natives. Henderson’s transformation started with the “lion therapy” by king Dahfu and Raju went through “spiritual therapy” with the help of Velan to achieve true sainthood. Similarly, in Bhabani Bhattacharya’s book Mohini’s passion for music, her social life style and inner characteristics have motivated Narayan for developing the character of Rosie. Mohini like Nalini of Narayan was a mismatch for her life partner, Jaydev. Even Jaydev’s mother helped Narayan to design the character of Raju’s mother, who is a true representative of traditional orthodox mentality.


Cite this article:
Subismita Lenka, Kunal Pattnaik. Intertextuality and Hybridisation of Discourse in Narayan’s The Guide. Res. J. Humanities and Social Sciences. 2020; 11(3):167-171. doi: 10.5958/2321-5828.2020.00029.7


REFERENCE:
1.    Bellow, Saul. (1996) Henderson the Rain King. London: Penguin Classics. Print.
2.    Bhattacharya, Bhabani. (1959) Music for Mohini. Angus and Robertson. Print.
3.    Eco, Umberto. (2007) “Casablanca: Cult Movies and Intertextual Collage” Modern Criticism and Theory. Ed. David Lodge & Nigel Wood. New Delhi: Pearson Publication. Print.
4.    Grover, Malta. (1991) Bhabani Bhattacharya as a Novelist of Social Conscience. Meerut: Shalabh Prakashan. Print.
5.    Joshi, Arun. (2008) The Strange Case of Billy Biswas. New Delhi: Orient Paperbacks. Print.
6.    Lal, P. (2011) “Myth and the Indian Writer in English: A Note.” Aspects of Indian writing in English. Ed. N.K. Naik. New Delhi: Macmillan. 15-18. Print.
7.    Mehta, Rama. (1995) Inside the Haveli. UK: Quatet Books. Print.
8.    Narasimhaiah. C.D. (1970) Indian Literature of the Past Fifty years, 1917-1967. Print.
9.    (2011) “R.K. Narayan’s The Guide.” Aspects of Indian Writing in English. Ed.  M.K. Naik. Delhi: Macmillan. 172-80.
10.    Narayan, R.K. (2002) The Guide. Madras: Indian Thought Publication. Print.
11.    (2011) The English Teacher. Chennai: Indian Thought Publication. Print.
12.    And S. Krishna (eds). (2001) The Writerly Life. New Delhi: Viking – Penguin Books. Print.
13.    Nayar Pramod K. (2010) Contemporary Literary and Cultural Theory. New Delhi: Pearson. Print.
14.    Piciucco, Pier Paolo. (2008 ) “Feminity in the Fiction of R.K.Narayan: A Study.” New Insights into the Novels of R.K.Narayan. Ed. M.K.Bhatnagar. New Delhi: Atlantic.
15.    White John J. (1971) Mythology in the Modern Novel: a Study of Pre-figurative Techniques. Princeton. Print.

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