Author(s): Jitendra Kumar Premi

Email(s): Jitendra_rsu@yahoo.co.in

DOI: Not Available

Address: Jitendra Kumar Premi*
Senior Assistant Professor, School of Studies in Anthropology, Pt. Ravishankar Shukla University Raipur, Chhattisgarh-492010.
*Corresponding Author:

Published In:   Volume - 5,      Issue - 4,     Year - 2014


ABSTRACT:
Birhor means jungle people - Bir means jungle, Hor means men. The Birhors are of short stature, long head, wavy hair and broad nose. They belong to the Proto-Australoid racial stock. According to the India census (2011) India consists of only 17,241 the Birhor tribal populations, which is only 0.01 percent of the total tribal population of India. This population data has proved populace scarcity of the Birhor tribe in India. Jharkhand has wrapped the foremost population (62.21 percent) of the total population of the Birhor tribe in India, which indicates that the origin of this tribe is Jharkhand. The “primitive subsistence economy” of the Birhors has been based on nomadic gathering and hunting, particularly for monkeys. They also trap rabbits and titirs (a small bird), and collect and sell honey. They make ropes out of the fibers of a particular species of vine, which they sell in the markets of the nearby agricultural people. Due to combined effect of changed circumstances and government policies, some of the Birhors have adopted settled agricultural economy in recent years, but inspite of that, their traditional tendency of leading nomadic life has not gone. According to the socio-economic standing the Birhors are classified into two groups. While the wandering Birhors are called Uthlus, the settled Birhors are called Janghis. The Birhor tribe has been facing culturisation and acculturisation problem as they live together with various tribal and non tribal communities. They are highly influenced with their culture and the Birhor had left their own cultural characteristics. Now the Birhor’s ethnic characteristics are vanishing as well as they are losing their identity. In the light of above, it is suggested that it is urgent need to document the ethnic characteristics of primitive tribe and to conserve their culture.


Cite this article:
Jitendra Kumar Premi. Birhor: The Inconsequential Extraordinary Primitive Tribal Group (PTG) of India. Research J. Humanities and Social Sciences. 5(4): October-December, 2014, 366-369.


Recomonded Articles:

Author(s): Shobhit Mishra

DOI:         Access: Open Access Read More

Author(s): Mayank Pradhan

DOI:         Access: Open Access Read More

Author(s): Apoorva Neral

DOI:         Access: Open Access Read More

Author(s): Dwiiendra Nath Thakur

DOI:         Access: Open Access Read More

Author(s): Sharad Mishra,

DOI:         Access: Open Access Read More

Author(s): V Srinivas, Praveen Kumar Chinta

DOI: 10.5958/2321-5828.2016.00043.7         Access: Open Access Read More

Author(s): Dwijendra Nath Thakur

DOI:         Access: Open Access Read More

Author(s): Praveen Rai, Sujata

DOI:         Access: Open Access Read More

Author(s): Khushal Suryawnshi

DOI:         Access: Open Access Read More

Author(s): R.P. Saharia

DOI:         Access: Open Access Read More

Author(s): S. Shubhang

DOI:         Access: Open Access Read More

Author(s): Vikas Dangi

DOI: 10.5958/2321-5828.2017.00032.8         Access: Open Access Read More

Author(s): S. Shubhang,

DOI:         Access: Open Access Read More

Author(s): Naila Rashid, Sadaf Nasir

DOI:         Access: Open Access Read More

Author(s): Hareet Kumar Meena

DOI:         Access: Open Access Read More

Author(s): Alladi Veerabhadra Rao

DOI: 10.5958/2321-5828.2018.00005.0         Access: Open Access Read More

Author(s): Roshan John Joseph

DOI:         Access: Open Access Read More

Research Journal of Humanities and Social Sciences (RJHSS) is an international, peer-reviewed journal, correspondence in the fields of arts, commerce and social sciences....... Read more >>>

RNI: Not Available                     
DOI: 10.5958/2321-5828 


Recent Articles




Tags