Author(s): Narayana Billava, Prakash Bhat

Email(s): n.billava@gmail.com , bhatps@gmail.com

DOI: 10.5958/2321-5828.2020.00019.4   

Address: Dr. Narayana Billava1, Dr. Prakash Bhat2
1Research Associate, Abdul Nazir Sab Panchayat Raj Chair, Centre for Multi-Disciplinary Development Research (CMDR), Dharwad-580004.
2Former Chief Executive Officer (CEO), Society for Community Participation and Empowerment (SCOPE), Dharwad.
*Corresponding Author

Published In:   Volume - 11,      Issue - 2,     Year - 2020


ABSTRACT:
Sanitation is one of the basic determinants of the quality of life and human well-being and also the most essential basic facility for every household (HH). The government as well as private institutions, NGOs, SHGs, and Youth Groups have been involved to create awareness on sanitation and made efforts to construct individual latrine under SBM schemes in the entire country. Due to these efforts, India could able cover nearly 100% of latrine facilities and the Government of India has declared open defecation free (ODF) on 2nd October 2019. But few studies highlighted that few household members are not using latrine facilities though they are having a latrine. The present experimental study tries to explain the motivational factors to access and the reasons for under-utilization of toilet facilities and highlights the value of motivators (Young Professionals- YPs) to create awareness among people and to involve communities in improving sanitation facilities in rural areas. This study is part of the SCOPE-Arghyam WatSan Fellowship Programme-II Cycle, implemented by SCOPE. The study was conducted in Dharwad, Gadag and Haveri districts of Karnataka. The YPs after their initial training stayed in their respective villages and worked closely with the community in both understanding the problems and trying to solve the problems. It comes out clearly from the study those serious and sincere efforts to work with the community, making them think about the problems of open defecation (OD) result in very good outputs. The study found that what the villagers lack is more in the social input than the money and the mere provision of money cannot solve the sanitation problem and sustain of ODF in rural areas. Due to the stay and intensive social interventions of the YPs, it was observed that not only people-built toilets but 82% of all the members in the families started using toilets. It must be high on the agenda of all those working on rural sanitation who may be the Governments, PRIs, CSR Initiatives, NGOs and Funding Agencies to plan an inspired social input with the concerned staying in the village to facilitate SBM. The concerned Zilla Panchayats need to look into it and build a motivated team to facilitate SBM considering the construction, usage of toilets and sustain of ODF. The GP members, ZP members, the SHGs, etc. who stay in the village could be trained and motivated to play the role played by the YPs. It is suggested that concerned Zilla Panchayats or Gram Panchayats should hire a person like YP or use ANMs effectively to create awareness and make the community own the programme and participate and make sustain of ODF.


Cite this article:
Narayana Billava, Prakash Bhat. Motivation of people to participate in rural sanitation through Young Professionals (YPs): An Experimental Study. Res. J. Humanities and Social Sciences. 202; 11(2):111-116. doi: 10.5958/2321-5828.2020.00019.4


REFERENCE:
1.    Dileep Mavalankar and Manjunath Shankar (2004), “Sanitation and Water supply: The Forgotten Infrastructure”, Sanitation and Panchayats in infrastructure, Indian Infrastructure Report-2004, pp 315-335.
2.    Mandal Niranjan (2011), “Role of Panchayats in Rural Water Supply and Sanitation: A Case Study of West Bengal”, International Journal of Research in Computer Application and Management (IJRCM), Volume No 1, Issue No 7, September. PP 108-115.
3.    Narayana Billava and Nayanatara Nayak (2012), “The Status of Water Supply and Sanitation in Rural Karnataka: A Case Study of Dharwad District”, Southern Economist, Volume 51, No 1, May 1, 2012, ISSN 0038-4046. p 95-99.
4.    Nomtuse Mbere (1981): “Applied Community Participation in Sanitation Prevision”, edited copy of “Sanitation in Developing Countries” published by International Development Research Centre, Ottawa Canada pp 118-122.
5.    NSSO (2015), “The Rapid Survey on Swachh Bharat Mission-Swachhta Status Report”, 72th Round, May-June, 2015, National Sample Survey Organization, Department of Statistics, Government of Karnataka
6.    Shiva Ram. P, (2004): “Rural Water Supply and Sanitation Programmes in Arunachal Pradesh”, Journal of Community Guidance and Research, Vol. 21 No.1, PP 82-86, March 2004.
7.    Veerashekharappa (2001): “Community Participation in Rural Drinking Water Supply and Sanitation: A Case Study of Karnataka”, Working Paper No. 91, Institute for Social and Economic Change, Bangalore, Karnataka.
8.    Veerashekharappa (2004): “Promotion of Individual Household Latrines in Rural Karnataka: Lessons Learnt”, Working Paper No. 160, Institute for Social and Economic Change, Bangalore, Karnataka.
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10.    WSP (201): “The Economic Impacts of Inadequate Sanitation in India”, Published by Water and Sanitation Program (WSP), New Delhi, Available in https://www.wsp.org/sites/wsp.org/files/publications/wsp-esi-india.pdf accessed on 30-7-2017

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