Ecotourism is defined as the movement of tourist to the natural and undisturbed areas. It is emerged as the form of alternative tourism for the minimization of the adverse impacts of mass tourism. Eco-tourism is also referred as Community-based Tourism as the betterment of the community is one of the major principles of ecotourism. It has the appearance of being environmentally and socio-culturally sustainable, rather in a way that enhances the natural and cultural resource base of the destination and promotes the feasibility of the operation. The most obvious characteristic of ecotourism is that it is nature based. Ecotourism has started with an experimental idea that many expected to contribute for the conservation of natural resources worldwide. In this research the researcher has tried to find out the impacts of ecotourism on the life of host community. This research evaluate the benefits of the ecotourism as an alternative form of tourism and its effects on the life of people life of the people living in and around the natural area where the eco-tourist visit more frequently. This research focuses on Manali as the research area as it is the most important tourism site in India, famous for its natural beauty. This research focuses on the how the people got empowered socially and economically by adopting ecotourism practices.
Cite this article:
Chandradeep Singh. Study on the Benefits of Ecotourism as an Alternative form of Tourism. Res. J. Humanities and Social Sciences. 2021; 12(1):27-31. doi: 10.5958/2321-5828.2021.00005.X
1. Britton, R. (1980) Alternatives to conventional mass tourism in the Third World. Paper presented to the 76th Annual Meeting of the Association of American Geographers, Louisville, USA.
2. Bryman, A., & Bell, E. (2007). Business research methods (2nd ed.). New York Oxford University Press Inc.
3. Buckley, R. (1994) A framework for ecotourism. Annals of Tourism Research 21 (3), 61–665.
4. Ceballos-Lascurain, H. (1996). Tourism, ecotourism and protected areas. IUCN (World Conservation Union). Switzerland: Gland.
5. Cochran‐Smith, M., and Lytle, S. L. (1998). Teacher research: The question that persists. International Journal of Leadership in Education Theory and Practice, 1(1), 19-36.
6. Dernoi, L. A. (1981). Alternative tourism: A new style in north-south relations. International Journal of Tourism Management, 2, pp. 253-264. https://doi.org/10.1016/0143-2516(81)90030-X
7. Fragaki, E. (2003). Alternatives Forms of Tourism. Trade with Greece.
8. Goeldner, C. R., & Ritchie, J. B. (2007). Tourism principles, practices, philosophies. John Wiley & Sons.
9. Healy, R. G. (1994). Tourist merchandise’as a means of generating local benefits from ecotourism. Journal of sustainable tourism, 2(3), 137-151.
10. Hetzer, W. (1965) Environment, tourism, culture.
11. Holden, P. (Ed.). (1984). Alternative tourism: report of the Workshop on Alternative Tourism with a focus on Asia Chiang Mai, April 26-May 8 1984. Ecumenic. Coalition on Third World Tourism.
12. Miller, K. (1978) Planning National Parks for Ecodevelopment: Methods and Cases from Latin America. University of Michigan, Ann Arbor
13. Mouton, J. (1996). Understanding Social Research. Pretoria, JL van Schaik Publishers. ISBN 0-627-02163-8.
14. Ryan, C. (1991). Recreational tourism: A social science perspective. Routledge.
15. Sikes, P. (2005). Methodology, procedures and ethical concerns. In C. Opie (Ed.), Doing educational research: A guide to first-time researchers (pp. 15-33). London: Sage
16. Smith Valene L. and William R. Eadington, eds. (1992). Tourism Alternatives: Potentials and Problems in The Development of Tourism. New York: John Wiley.
17. UNWTO, E. (2014). Handbook on Tourism Destination Branding. Madrid, Spain: http://www. uneptie. org.
18. Wood, M. (2002). Ecotourism: Principles, practices and policies for sustainability. UNEP.
19. World Tourism Organization (WTO). Millennium Tourism Boom in 2000. Available from: http://www.world-tourism.org, viewed January 2001