The order of human rights seems to be a recent phenomenon originating with the Declaration of Human Rights in 1948 by the United Nations. Human rights are international norms that help to protect all people everywhere from severe political, legal, and social abuses. Examples of human rights are the right to freedom of religion, the right to a fair trial when charged with a crime, the right not to be tortured, and the right to engage in political activity. These rights exist in morality and in law at the national and international levels. The main sources of the contemporary conception of human rights are the Universal Declaration of Human Rights. The Universal Declaration of Human Rights to identify various aspects of human rights as a concrete shape was made on 10 December 1948. The Declaration was reinforced by other efforts like: (a) The Universal Declaration of Human Rights: A Gide for Teachers, UNESCO, 1951; (b) Universal Declaration of the Rights of the Child, 1959; (c) UNESCO Convention Against Discrimination in Education adopted on 14 December, 1960 that entered into force on 22 May, 1962; (d) International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights adopted on 16 December, 1966 that entered into force on 23 March, 1976; (e) International Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Discrimination adopted on 21 December, 1965 that entered into force on 4 January, 1969; (f) International Covenant on Economic, Social and Cultural Rights adopted on 16 December, 1966 that entered into force on 3 January, 1976; (g) International Conference on Human Rights, Teheran, 1968; (h) International Congress on the Teaching of Human Rights, Vienna, 1978; (i) International Congress on Human Rights Teaching, Information and Documentation, Malta, 1987; (j) Convention on the Rights of the Child, 1989; and World Conference on Human Rights, Vienna, 1993.
Cite this article:
Abdus Salam. Human Rights and Role of Human Rights Education in Protection of Human Rights. Research J. Humanities and Social Sciences. 5(4): October-December, 2014, 374-378.