There has been growing trend to explore and explain problems related with gender inequalities or discrimination on the basis of sex. Social scientist more especially sociologist have paid much attention to understand the problem from various theoretical perspectives. Indeed gender inequalities have been existing since time immemorial in all known societies mainly in patriarchal societies. Very often these inequalities are justified in terms of values and reproduced through structural system. No doubt improvements in the status of women have taken place as a result of protest movements, enactment of laws and mobilisation of public opinion. However gender inequalities have not been completely removed they still persist in one form or other in all modern societies. India is not an exception. One of the indicators of gender inequality is the declining sex ratio.
Thus the objective of this paper is to analyse the structural system of Indian society, which is responsible for gender discrimination and lead to decline in sex ratio. Key words are gender, gender justice, empowerment, institution of family and marriage, norms, values, etc.
Cite this article:
Mohd Arif. Gender Inequality and Declining Sex Ratio in India. Research J. Humanities and Social Sciences. 2(1): Jan.-Mar. 2011, 13-18.