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Dr. (Mrs.) Johani Xaxa
Reader, P.G. Department of Political Science and Public Administration, Sambalpur University, Jyoti Vihar, Sambalpur- 768019 (Odisha).
Volume - 4,
Issue - 4,
Year - 2013
Human Rights are those basic rights which are inherent in our nature, and without which we cannot live like a human being. Human Rights helps us to develop our intelligence, qualities, talents and conscience to satisfy our mandate and spiritual needs. Human Rights are universal and are applicable to all without discrimination. Like any other country, India is also a signatory to “Universal declaration of Human Rights” in 1948. This paper tends to focus on the tribal rights and development. The tribal rights can be seen as a part of the larger human rights discourse. India during post-independence period was engaged in developmental works like industrialization, urbanization, Dams for Hydro-electric projects and irrigation, mining’s etc., which resulted in displacement of millions of people and more affected were the rural poor tribals. In Odisha, the tribal habited places are rich in minerals. Hence, the tribals are displaced more in numbers. They have lost their homes and livelihood. The Government of Odisha has failed to pay the compensation to the displaced tribals. They were shifted to resettlement colonies without sufficient amenities of life. Some tribals have been moved to remote jungles in search of agriculture land. The displacement has taken them back to some more years to develop. Thus, their rights are ignored by government. The country is developing in the cost of rural poor tribals.
Cite this article:
Johani Xaxa. Development, Displacement and Human Rights: A Case Study of the Tribal Rights Violation in an Indian State. Research J. Humanities and Social Sciences. 4(4): October-December, 2013, 480-484.