Couple of days back, on the front page of “The Hindu” there was a photograph of a small boy sitting near a garbage heap off the posh Necklace Road in Hyderabad. The scene was beautifully captured by the photographer Mr. G. Ramakrishna and titled “This is my School”. For me, as a student of law, the concept was brain storming. Sixty-four years after Independence and one year after implementation of the “Right to Education Act” basic education remains a dream for millions of children. It is one of the several issues confronting humanity questioning the role of the modern welfare state and the rule of law. 80 percent of the people are living in horrible poverty. Un-employment or disguised employment, never ending price rise, crumbling health care system are way of life coupled with regionalism, communalism, lawlessness and the most alarming corruption in public life.
Justice, like many other subjects in social science, has undergone varied connotations in different stages of the growth of the society. I like to discuss the subject from its historical perspective as well as its transformation as a positive institution taking care of humanity with special mention to India. My essay is a compilation of relevant ideas of different scholars who have contributed immensely to the concept of justice and aims at providing reference point for students interested in the subject.
The notion of justice has got its due share in the works of different political philosophers history has witnessed. The thinkers, starting from Plato (and even before), viewed justice in the context of prevailing contemporary social setups and relation of individual and the state. Each successive thinker, without any complete deviation from his predecessors, improved upon the concept giving positive direction to the successive generation to improve upon it.
Cite this article:
Sameer Sourav. The Notion of Justice. Research J. Humanities and Social Sciences. 3(1): Jan- March, 2012, 107-113.