Gujarat is the "Growth Engine of India". Gujarat, leading as Second in “Green Revolution”, has achieved Agricultural Growth table at 9.6% and has carved a niche in the field of Agricultural Development in India. Gujarat is a diversified Agricultural Economy. The State agriculture economy has witnessed a shift towards high value crops like cotton, groundnuts, fruits, vegetables, condiments and spices from low value cereals and other crops. However, there has been shown that the production of wheat, Jowar and Bajra is decreased by 52.6%, 24.5% and 46.6% in the year 2017-18 compared to the year 2010-11 respectively. Though, the production of total Oil seeds increased by 19.5% in the same period. The state received total 638 mm of the average rainfall (76.73% of the average rainfall) during the Monsoon-2018. According to 3rd advance estimates, production of food grains during 2018-19 is estimated at 66.91 lakh tonnes compared to 76.61 lakh tonnes of last year. During the year 2017- 18, the production of cotton bales each of 170 kg. was 101.13 lakh bales which decrease to 50.53 lakh bales during the year 2018-19. The production of oil seeds is estimated at 35.10 lakh tonnes during the year 2018-19 against the production of 61.43 lakh tonnes during the year 2017-18. As per the 1st advance estimate of The Directorate of Agriculture, State of Gujarat, Gandhinagar, the total production of Food grains and Oil seeds is estimated to be 33.21 and 48.39 lakh Tonnes respectively.
Cite this article:
Satyam S. Ratnam. Development of Agriculture Sector of Gujarat State (With respect to the major Crops). Res. J. Humanities and Social Sciences. 2020; 11(1):45-47. doi: 10.5958/2321-5828.2020.00007.8