HIV being one of the most dangerous communicable diseases has its spread all over the world including India which ranks on the third position in having HIV people. Considering India’s large and growing population and vivid demographic structure of states, it is important to analyse the trend and severity of HIV prevalence in India and its states. It is observed that overall trend of HIV prevalence is decreasing in both Male and Female. Similarly the trend of new infections and the deaths caused by it is also falling. But for child age group the number of new infections were high and number of deaths were low so there was an increase in the people living with HIV in child age group till 2013 and after that it is falling. At the state level it is observed that prevalence of HIV is different in different states in terms of the three indicators namely, number of people living with HIV, number of new infections and number of deaths. But considering these three indicators together there are nine States/ UTs namely Daman and Diu, Dadra and Nagar Haveli, Manipur, Tripura, Sikkim, Andaman and Nikobar, Chandigarh, West Bengal and Orissa showing high prevalence of HIV. The classification of states made in this paper as per the level of HIV prevalence is help full for policy makers to implement suitable mechanism to control the spread of communicable diseases like HIV.
Cite this article:
Pramod P. Lonarkar. Analysing the Prevalence of HIV in India and States. Res. J. Humanities and Social Sciences. 2018; 9(2): 383-390. doi: 10.5958/2321-5828.2018.00066.9