Author(s): Vinay N. Patel

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Address: Vinay N. Patel
S.C.A. Patel Arts Collage, At-Sadhli,Ta-Sinor, Dist-Baroda,Gujarat
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Published In:   Volume - 3,      Issue - 1,     Year - 2012


ABSTRACT:
Indian society is basically a rural society. Even today, it is predominantly rural one as nearly 65 percentage of its total population reside in nearly 5.5 lacks villages against only 35 percentage residing in 5000 Urban localities. India’s development also primarily rests upon rural and agricultural development. The culture of Indian society in also primarily composed of rural forms, of social interaction, relations and traditional rural society in undergoing changes under the influences of urbanization. In Gujarat as per census, population of Gujarat was 5,06,71.017 of which 3,17,401.767 people are living in above 18000 Villages. Rural society in an important and significant part of Indian Society and vital from the sociological aspect. Rural society is an identify or Indian Civilization and influenced by British rule, New causation System, Urbanization, Industrialization(1). After independence it is several governmental policy and programme like National Rural Employment Guarantee Act (NREGA), Prime Minster Gram Sadak Yojana (PMGSY), Gujarat Swarin Jayanti Programme, Swrnim Gram Rojgar Yojana (SGSY), Water Management Programme, Integrated Rural Development Programme, Naya Gujarat, Gokul Gram Yojana, Nirmal gram, Shala Pravotsva, Kanya Kelvani, Gunotsva, Gram Sabha etc. the goal of these developmental schemes in to give prosperity and sustainable development to the rural people. Several social-cultural factors and the influences of change are visible in the rural social structure. Its has also been investigated in this paper as to how the changes have taken place in the social institutions like family, marriage, caste, political, religion, education, economical aspects of Dalits and other Backward classes. This study has been carried out in the village or North Gujarat at Mandali, Dist. Mahesana. Paper has been prepared on the basis of self experiences, observations and available related literature and data. A selection of 50 samples was made keeping in view of all the above aspects with a view to carry out a random sample study. Sociological parameters such as respondents occupation, education, economic condition etc. were kept in mind while collecting the data. In wake or the above new situation of socio-economic condition of Dalits and other Backward classes reasons there of and suggested steps that should be taken by the Government and the society to sustain the pace of progress of communities.


Cite this article:
Vinay N. Patel. Change in Dalits and Backward Communities of Mandali village – North Gujarat. Research J. Humanities and Social Sciences. 3(1): Jan- March, 2012, 14-16.


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