Author(s): Basudeb Das

Email(s): basudeb.das333@gmail.com

DOI: 10.52711/2321-5828.2022.00023   

Address: Basudeb Das
Assistant Professor, Department of Political Science, Belda College, Belda, Paschi Medinipur, West Bengal, 721424.
*Corresponding Author

Published In:   Volume - 13,      Issue - 3,     Year - 2022


ABSTRACT:
Nepal’s geographical location affects India’s security sphere. Therefore, India has been trying to keep Nepal under its influence since independence by exploiting the existing geographical proximity, socio-cultural unity, economic transactions, etc. between the two countries. Although its form of influence is different from the British India and India has always respected Nepal’s sovereignty. China’s occupation of Tibet and its ‘Five Fingers of Tibet’ policy have further challenged India’s security. In this context, the impact of Nepal’s internal political instability on Indo-Nepal bilateral relations in the 1950s and China’s attempts to reduce India’s influence in Nepal by exploiting that instability and establishing its dominance is the subject of this article.


Cite this article:
Basudeb Das. India’s Security Challenge in Northern Frontier: A Historical Analysis (1950-1960). Research Journal of Humanities and Social Sciences. 2022;13(3):137-1. doi: 10.52711/2321-5828.2022.00023

Cite(Electronic):
Basudeb Das. India’s Security Challenge in Northern Frontier: A Historical Analysis (1950-1960). Research Journal of Humanities and Social Sciences. 2022;13(3):137-1. doi: 10.52711/2321-5828.2022.00023   Available on: https://rjhssonline.com/AbstractView.aspx?PID=2022-13-3-3


REFERENCES:
1.    Nehru, Jawaharlal, (1954), Jawaharlal Nehru’s Speeches: 1949-1953, Delhi, The Publications Division, p. 147
2.    Mullik, B.N., (1971), The Chinese Betrayal, New Delhi, Allied Publishers, p. 60
3.    Jain, Girilal, (1959), India Meets China in Nepal, New Delhi, Asia Publishing House, p. 104
4.    Ibid., p. 106
5.    Tse-tung, Mao., (1939), Chinese Revolution and the Chinese Communist Party, Retrieved from: https://www.marxists.org/reference/archive/mao/selected-works/volume-2/mswv2_23.htm on 01/04/2020
6.    Opcit, Jain, Girilal., (1959), p. 108
7.    For the text of the agreement see Foreign Policy of India: Texts of Documents 1947-1964, Lok Sabha Secretariat, New Delhi, pp. 56-58
8.    Bandopadhyaya, J., (1973) The Making of India’s foreign policy, New Delhi, Allied Publication, p. 14
9.    Chitnis, S.G., (1986), The Himalayan Kingdoms, in Gautam Sharma and K.S. Nagar (Eds), India’s Northern Security, Hew Delhi, Reliance Publishing House, p. 134
10.    Ibid., p. 135
11.    Ibid., p. 135
12.    Rose, Leo E., 1971, Nepal Strategy for Survival, London, University of California Press, p.4
13.    Panikkar, K.M., (1955), In Two Chinas, London, George Allen and Unwin, p. 171
14.    bid., p. 171
15.    Sinha, Mira., (1970), Nepal’s Role in Sino-lndian Relations, 1949-1969, Institute of Defence Studies and Analyses Journal, Vol. 2, No. 4, p. 464
16.    The Hindustan Times, 8 May, 1954.
17.    The Hindustan Times, 28 September, 1954.
18.    The Times of India, 14 November, 1954.
19.    Asian Recorder (Delhi) 1957, p. 1301
20.    Gorkhapatra, 12 October 1958
21.    Asian Recorder (Delhi) 1957, p. 1577
22.    Ghoble, T. (1992). India and China - Nepal relations, 1950-1980: an appraisal. Proceedings of the Indian History Congress, 53, p. 600. Retrieved April 30, 2020, from www.jstor.org/stable/44142876

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