India is a home of different ethnic groups having different cultures and religions. Gandhi’s famous metaphor –“For me the different religions are beautiful flowers from the same garden, or they are branches of the same majestic tree” reveals that India has been a union of different races and tribes. However, ethnic differences result in ethnic crisis; not only in India but also in other parts of the world that ethnic differentiation creates vibrant issues in the society. On the dawn of India’s independent, ethnic crisis in the Northern area partitioned the then Hindustan into Pakistan and India; and after independence, the same ethnic antagonism resulted in a minor war between them. Moreover, a new form of revolt based on tribalism, religion and cultures began to emerge in the North Eastern part of India which operate till the 2000s. The secession politics of Naga, Mizo, Gorkha, Bodo and Assamese etc., created huge political unrest and instability till the end of the 1980s; but the Union Government of India resolved almost all these issues by giving them a separate statehood and autonomy for their administration leaving them with special care and protection which is enshrined in the Union Constitution. Furthermore, to make things more complicated, there are still minor tribes inside these states (cantons/units), namely, Bru, Chakma and Hajong etc., who are demanding a new autonomy to the State Governments as well as to the Union Government.
Cite this article:
Lalengkima. Ethnic Tension and Conflict in North East India: Bru Crisis in Mizoram. Res. J. Humanities and Social Sciences. 2020; 11(4):365-370. doi: 10.5958/2321-5828.2020.00058.3