The Kashmir conflict was created by the partition of the Indian sub-continent in 1947 when India and Pakistan two dominions were created. The freedom movement in Kashmir may be seen in the context of social, political, economic, educational and cultural situation, which prevailed in the late 19th and 20th centuries. The appalling conditions of people, who were mostly Muslims, compelled them to rise in revolt against the feudal rule of Maharaja. They did it through several uprisings in the early 20th century. Kashmir became as a conflicted area since 1947. In addition, the militancy came into existence in 1989. Its major reason was the rigging of election in 1987. Kashmiris as a tiny nation were always treated like slaves; they have been marginalized and deprived However, the marginalization and deprivation of Kashmiris in socio, economic, political, educational, cultural and other fields caused a cycle of violence in paradise. Kashmir has thousands of untold stories of killings, torture, injustices, injuries, prisoners, detentions, missings, massacre, barbarism, encounters, suicides, economic deprivations, arson, burning of houses above all inhuman treatment with Kashmiris. It can be said that alienation of people of Kashmir can only be controlled when; they will be treated like human beings not like slaves. India can win hearts of people, when it will respect the dignity of every person in Kashmir. Moreover, people of Kashmir can only survive under democratic umbrella not under the umbrella of draconian laws, huge military forces and other martial laws. It is better for India as a major democracy to safeguard and protect the special rights of Kashmiris that have already been given to them under Indian Constitution, but these rights were curtailed and minimized through the process of centralization and over centralization. The policy makers of India should not forget the agreement of Sheikh Abdullah with Jawaharlal Nehru that is Persian couplet “ Mantu Shudi Tu Manshudam” it means that you have become me and I have become you. Peace could be only established in valley of Kashmir when justice will be given to the people of Kashmir. Therefore, greater autonomy is the best solution of Kashmir imbroglio. Misuse of power is not a better option to control the situations in Kashmir rather humanistic policies are needed to be practiced because, Kashmiris are not animals but they are also human beings, so that they must be treated like humans. Peaceful Kashmir can be seen only when India, Pakistan and Kashmiris will adopt the conflict resolution and conflict management mechanism, forget past animosities and start a new steps for peacebuilding process and be ready to sort-out the longstanding conflict. May god show us peaceful Kashmir without any conflict and antagonism?
Cite this article:
Hilal Ahmad Wani. Kashmir Conflict: The Process of Conflict Resolution and Conflict Management. Research J. Humanities and Social Sciences. 2(3): July-Sept., 2011, 125-131.