The dispersed habitat and scattered settlements are the most significant element of the mountainous landscape. As the landscape and ecological factors in the mountainous areas, restrict the concentration of population, dispersed settlements are basic adaptations to the mountainous landscape. The purpose of this paper is to provide a geographical account of the dispersed mountain settlements. Employing a case study, it attempts to map the geography of these scattered settlements. The analysis shows different arrangements of these scattered settlements in the high mountain region of Har ki Dun. The evaluation of the spatial distribution of settlement of Har ki Dun is a means to analyse the adaptations of the mountain inhabitants to their environment. In mountainous areas, the dispersed settlements are the product of land and land use diversity. The areas of scattered settlements are an expansion of sedentary life and extension of agriculture and animal husbandry over the diverse mountainous landscape. The scattered location of settlements exist due to less favourable topography, less suitable climatic conditions and restricted availability of soil for agricultural production. It is also a product of the attempts to use every available arable land and grassland. The end product of this extensification is the diversity or the richness of the (agri)cultural landscape and diversity of settlements. This study also presents the spatial distribution of these scattered settlements.
Cite this article:
D K Shahi. Dispersed Mountain Settlements: An Evaluation of High Mountain of Settlement of Har ki Dun. Research Journal of Humanities and Social Sciences. 2022;13(1):38-4. doi: 10.52711/2321-5828.2022.00007
D K Shahi. Dispersed Mountain Settlements: An Evaluation of High Mountain of Settlement of Har ki Dun. Research Journal of Humanities and Social Sciences. 2022;13(1):38-4. doi: 10.52711/2321-5828.2022.00007 Available on: https://rjhssonline.com/AbstractView.aspx?PID=2022-13-1-7
1. Amate, J.I., Villa, I., Jimenez, F., De Molina, M.G. (2016). The rise and fall of the cortijo system: scattered rural settlements and the colonization of land in Spain ‘s Mediterranean mountains since 1581. Journal of Historical Geography, 54, 63-75. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jhg.2016.09.001
2. Arun Kumar, Gupta, S.K., and Padmanaban, P. 2004. Some selected fauna of Gobind Pashu Vihar, Conservation Area Series, 18: 1-90 (Published by the Director, Zool. Surv. India, Kolkata). ISBN 81-8171-034-7
3. Belcakova, Ingrid, Olah, B.; Slamova, M.; Psenakova, Z. 2021, A Cultural and Environmental Assessment of a Landscape Archetype with Dispersed Settlements in Cadca Cadastral District, Slovakia. Sustainability, 13, 1200. https://doi.org/ 10.3390/su13031200
4. Birch, B.P. (1967). The Measurement of Dispersed patterns of Settlement. Tijdschrift voor Economische en Sociale Geografie, 58, https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1467-9663.1967.tb01065.x
5. D. Dopudja, The Classification of Rural Settlements in the Republic of Serbia According to Their Urban-Morphological Characteristics, RUDN Journal of Engineering Researches, 2017 Том 18 № 3, DOI 10.22363/2312-8143-2017-18-3-382-390 УДК 711.4-112
6. Gangurde P. C. and Kumbhar D. S. 2018, A Geographical Factors Affecting the Types of Rural Settlements in Nashik District (Maharashtra), ‘RESEARCH JOURNEY’ International Multidisciplinary E- Research Journal, Special Issue 45, ISSN : 2348-7143
7. Gheorghies, Daniela Livia, 2013, The Classification of Rural Settlements on Feleacu Hill. Studia Universitatis BabesBolyai, Geographia . 2013, Vol. 58 Issue 1,
8. Howard Williams, 1976, Three Types of Rural Welsh Community, https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1467-9523.1976.tb00987.x
9. Jan Hanusin, 2021, Impact of Dispersed Settlement on the Structure and Diversity of Rural Landscape (Case Study of Village Hrusov, Slovak Republic), Geographia Polonica, Vol. 94, Issue 1, https://doi.org/10.7163/GPol.0192
10. Kielczewska-Zaleska, M. (1970). Distribution of rural settlements dispersed in Poland. Geographical Review (Przeglad Geograficzny), 42(2)
11. Lazar, Gabriela Adina, 2011, The Typology of Rural Settlements within the Trascau Mountains, Alba County. Studia Universitatis BabesBolyai, Geographia . 2011, Vol. 56, Issue 1,
12. Mandal, R.B. (1988). Systems of rural settlements in developing countries. New Delhi: Concept Publishing Company
13. Omasta, S. (2010). On some of the issues of scattering settled territories: the example of the Myjava Kopaničiar subregion. Geographia Cassoviensis, 4 (2), https://geografia.science.upjs.sk/images/geographia_cassoviensis/ articles/GC-2010-4-2/00GC10_1a.pdf
14. Roberts, B.K., Wrathmell, S. (2000). An atlas of rural settlement in England. (2003 Reprinted with corrections). London: English Heritage.
15. Roberts, Brian (1996). Landscapes of settlement. Prehistory to the present. London – New York: Routlege. ISBN 9780415119689
16. Rusu, R. Fodorean, I. 2010, The Typology of Mureş County Settlements, Studia Universitatis Babes Bolyai, Geographia, Vol. 55, Issue 1.
17. Swati Patil, 2019, Dispersal Index of Rural Settlement in Panhala Tahsil: A Statistical Approach, Think India Journal, Vol-22- Issue-38, ISSN:0971-1260
18. Van De Velde, L., Van Eetvelde, V., Antrop, M. (2010). A multistep method for historical characterisation of rural settlements in Belgium, results for the province of Antwerp. Proceedings of the Latvian academy of sciences, ser. A, 66(3), 93-104.
19. Zeljka Curovic and Svetislav G. Popovic, 2014, Typological Classification of Settlements in the Rural Hinterland of the Bay of Boka Kotorska, Agriculture & Forestry, Vol. 60 Issue 4, Podgorica 275 UDC 911.373(497.16 Boka Kotorska.