There are 650 million men, women and children in the world who live with either mental or physical disabilities.1 Most of them live in the developing world. The UN estimates that there are 500 million persons with disabilities in the world today. This number is increasing every year due to factors such as war and destruction, unhealthy living conditions, or the absence of knowledge about disability, its causes, prevention and treatment. They suffer from discrimination and lower standards of living. They are very often denied the basic human rights. They are denied basic human rights. They are denied basic educational oppurtunities and often given menial or poorly paid jobs. Social attitudes exclude them from cultural life and normal social relationship. This article has been written to know the concept and provisions protecting the rights of disabled persons under international law. Person with disabilities includes those who have long-term physical, mental, intellectual or sensory impairments which in interaction with various barriers may hinder their full and effective participation in society on an equal basis with others.2 Persons with disabilities are entitled to exercise their civil, political, social, economic and cultural rights on an equal basis with others. Disability "summarizes a great number of different disabled by physical, intellectual or sensory impairment, medical conditions or mental illness. Such impairments, conditions or illnesses may be permanent or transitory in nature."3 (Standard Rules on the Equalization of Opportunities for Persons with Disabilities). Different expressions are used when referring to persons with disabilities. For example, the term "differently-able persons" indicates that disability is not perceived as a deviation from the norm. The term "disabled persons" might be misinterpreted to imply that the ability of the individual to function as a person has been disabled.
Cite this article:
Khushal Suryawnshi. Protection of Disabled Person under International Law. Research J. Humanities and Social Sciences. 4(1): January-March, 2013, 110-113.