Shiva Kant Singh
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Dr. Shiva Kant Singh
Associate Professor, Department of Geography, DDU Gorakhpur University, Gorakhpur 273009
Volume - 5,
Issue - 3,
Year - 2014
Rural development has always been an important issue in all discussions pertaining to economic development, especially of developing countries, throughout the world. In the developing countries including communist societies, rural mass comprise a substantial proportion of the population. The socio-economic disparities between rural and urban areas are widening and creating tremendous pressure on the social and economic fabric of developing Asian economies. These discrepancies necessitates the importance of rural development. The policy makers of the developing economies recognize this importance. They have been implementing a host of programs and measures to achieve rural development objectives. Rural development aims at finding the ways to improve the rural lives by active participation. The outsider is not acquainted with the setting, culture, language and other attributes dominating at the local level. Consequently people themselves have to participate in their sustainable rural development.
Rural development refers to the process of improving the quality of life and economic well-being of people living in relatively isolated and sparsely populated areas (Moseley, Malcolm J. 2003). Rural development has traditionally centered on the exploitation of land-intensive natural resources such as agriculture and forestry. Changes in global production networks and increased urbanization have changed the character of rural areas. Increasing tourism, niche manufacturers, and recreation have replaced resource extraction and agriculture as dominant economic drivers (Ward, Neil; Brown, David L. 2009). The need for rural communities to approach development from a wider perspective has created more focus on a broad range of development goals rather than merely creating incentive for agricultural or resource based businesses. Education, entrepreneurship, physical infrastructure, and social infrastructure all play an important role in developing rural regions. Rural development is also characterized by its emphasis on locally produced economic development strategies. In contrast to urban regions, rural areas are highly distinctive from one another. For this reason, variety of rural development approaches is used globally. Rural development actions aim mainly the social and economic development of the rural areas.
Cite this article:
Shiva Kant Singh. Rural Development Programmes: Appraisal. Research J. Humanities and Social Sciences. 5(3): July-September, 2014, 330-335.