Dr. Rama Rao Bonagani
Assistant Professor, Department of Public Administration and Policy Studies, School of Social Sciences, Central University of Kerala, Kasaragod-671316.
The southern part of Indiacountry states of Andhra Pradesh and Telangana were formed officially on 2-6-2014. In fact, Telangana state was created from out of Andhra Pradesh state as a new 29th state of India. Election commission of India (ECI) under section 73 of the representation of the people act 1951 has conducted the first general elections to these two states legislatives assemblies in 2014 in order to constitute governments in these two respective states. Elections of these two states were conducted separately by ECI. Moreover, first ECI has conducted elections in Telangana and after that in Andhra Pradesh state. However, this article has discussed briefly about these two states in an introduction part, after that analyzed both states assemblies elections, whichalso covered both states major political parties elections manifestos as well as both states districts wise analysis of Assemblies elections results. In conclusion, it has mentioned the major findings of the paper.
In the first schedule of the Constitution of India, part one deals the states and part two deals with Union Territories of India. Under part one has mentioned present all 29 states names of India. In this, serial number one is Andhra Pradesh State. The last serial number 29 is Telangana state. The later state was included in this part as a newly created state through Andhra Pradesh reorganization act 2014. This has becamean effective from 2-6-20141. In fact, the number, names and boundaries of states of Indian union has been undergoing continuous change since India has got its independence from United Kingdom on 15-08-1947and moreover, India became a democratic republic on 26-1-1950.
However, the latest in the process of redrawing internal boundaries of India was the creation of a new state of Telangana as a 29 the state by dividing the state of Andhra Pradesh into two separate states such as Telangana and Andhra Pradesh2. Before this has happened, although Telangana state name was different, these two majority people speaking Telugu language states have formed as one Andhra Pradesh state on 1-11-1956 under the first state reorganization act. Moreover, Hyderabad was the capital city of this state3.
This has happened because even in post independent era, Andhra state was there as part of the Madras state. Andhra teluguspersons have desired to separate themselves from the composite Madras state. At this juncture, PottiSriramulu, a self-effacing Gandhiantelugu began his fast unto death on 19-10-1952 at Madras for this purpose. He has attained martyrdom on 15-12-1952. Because of this, Government of India has considered and created Andhra state for Andhra people, which came into existence on 1-10-1953. Kurnool city was became the capital of this new state. After this, Andhra persons have looked forwarded to the formation of greater Andhra through inclusion of majority telugu speaking Hyderabad state with Hyderabad city as its capital4.
However, before independence, Hyderabad state was ruled by Asaf Jahis Kingdom from 1724 to 17-9-1948. The first monarch under this dynasty rule was qamar-ud-dinkhan. He was established an autonomous province of Hyderabad state. He was earlier called as Nizamul-Mulk. Subsequent rulers have retained the title of Nizamul-Mulk and were called as Asaf Jahis Nizams or Hyderabad Nizams. The last ruler ruled under this dynasty was Osman Alikhan. He was refused to join to Indian union after India’s independence from the British empire on 15-8-1947. So, Hyderabad was remained as an independent princely state under him for a period of more than 13 months. Indian government has conducted a military operation called operation polo on 17-9-1948 to mix Hyderabad state into Indian union. After successful completion of this, later the government of India has appointed a civil servant called as M.K. Vellodi as first Chief Minister (CM) of Hyderabad state on 26-1-1950. More over, in 1952, Dr. Burgula Rama Krishna Rao was elected as Cm of this state through this state’s first democratic election. Later on, Hyderabad state of Telanaga region was merged with Andhra state to form Andhra Pradesh state in 1956. NeelamSanjiva Reddy was became the first CM of this state. This state had 23 districts, when this has got separated into two states.
The 10 districts of Telangana region under their prominent leaders have been started movements, which demanding a separate state for them. An important last movement was occurred under the prominent leader Kalvakuntla Chandra shekar Rao (KCR), who has launched the Telangana Rashtra Samithi (TRS) party on 17-5-2001 for creation of a Telangana State from out of Andhra Pradesh state purpose. Professor Jayashankar, who was an ideologue of statehood movement extended his support to KCR. The Congress led United Progressive Alliance (UPA) central government has announced an initiation of the process of statehood for telangana on 9-12-2009. Moreover, finally, thesame Congress led UPA government has started for creating a new statehood process of this Telangana state in July 2013 and concluded the process by passing the Telangana Statehood bill in both the houses of Parliament in February 20145. After this, the President of India Mr. Pranab Mukherjee has gave his assent to this bill of called as Andhra Pradesh reorganization Act, 2014 on 1-3-2014. Consequently, this act became a law. This act says the following:
1 Telangana state would comprise territories of 10 districts except some villages in its one of the Khammam district. These villages and remaining territories of 13 districts would comprise an existing state of Andhra Pradesh (AP).
2 On and from appointed day, Hyderabad shall be the common capital of the state of Telangana and the state of AP for such a period not exceeding ten years. After expiry of this period, Hyderabad shall be the capital of the state of Telangana. There shall be a new capital for the state of Andhra Pradesh.
3 On and from appointed day, the governor of existing state of Andhra Pradesh shall be the governor for both the successor states of AP and Telangana for such period as may be determined by the president.
4 Election Commission has to conduct elections to the House of the people and the Legislative Assemblies of the Successor states of AP and Telangana as per allocation of seats specified in the delimitation of Parliamentary and Assembly constituencies order 2008, which was amended by this act.
5 Earlier Andhra Pradesh had 294 MLAs and 42 MPs seats were there. As per this act, there shall be allocated 25 MP seats to the successor state of AP and 17 MP seats to the successor state of Telangana in the House of the people (LokSabha). Moreover, it has also allocated 175 MLAs seats to the Legislative Assembly (LA) of AP and 119 MLAs seats to the LA of Telangana state respectively.
6 The State had a Legislative Council (LC) also, which had total 58 MLCs.The system of having LC separately for both the states have continued as well. Moreover, as per this bifurcation act says, there shall be constituted a Legislative Council (LC) for each of the successor states consisting of not more than 50 members in the LC of AP and 40 members in the LC of Telangana in accordance with the provisions contained in article 169 of the Constitution of India.
7 The Governor of the state may nominate one member each to the Legislative Assemblies of both the Successor states to give representation to Anglo-Indian community in accordance with article 333 of the constitution.
8 The duration of both states legislative Assemblies will be 5 years.
9 Not with standing anything contained in any other law for the time being in force, the Legislative Assemblies of AP and Telangana shall be deemed to be duly constituted on appointed day6. In fact, both states appointed date was on 2-6-2014, which means both states have formed officially in this date, etc.
II. Analysis of Andhra Pradesh state Assembly election results of 2014:
After bifurcation, Andhra Pradesh state’s capital city is Amaravathi. Its total area is 1,60,205 sq. km. It consists of total 13 districts. Election Commission of India (ECI) has issued the notification for conducting the 16th Loksabha Parliamentary election in 2014. The schedule is divided into 10 phases for whole India for this process from 1st poll date of 7-4-2014 to last 10th poll date of 12-5-2014. Andhra Pradesh state’s LokSabha election poll date came under the 9th phase, whichhas to be held on 7-5-2014. Moreover, ECI has also issued a notification on 12-4-2014 for conducting the first Andhra Pradesh state Legislative Assembly election after bifurcation. This notification has mentioned the going to poll this state seats were 175. There was no anglo-Indian community MLA nominee seat there in this state. The last date for filing nominations was on 19-4-2014. The scrutiny of no minations date was on 21-4-2014. The last date for withdrawal of candidates, who filed nominations was on 23-4-2014. The declared date of election poll was on 7-5-2014.So, simultaneous elections of Lok Sabha and Assembly were held in this same date. Moreover, the counting of votes held for both these two elections results was on 16-5-2014. ECI has also mentioned that the whole of thisstate’s assembly election shall has be completed before 28-5-20147.
This state’smajor regional political parties and other parties contested in this assembly election were such as Telugu Desam Party (TDP), YuvajanaSramikaRythu Congress Party (YSRCP), BharatiyaJanata Party (BJP) and Indian National Congress (INC) etc. The TDP had an electoral alliance tie up with the BJP for both elections purpose. According to this, BJP had contested 5 out of 25 Loksabha MPs seats and 15 MLAs seats out of 175 in assembly elections purpose. The remaining seats were contested by the TDP candidates8. The TDP president N. Chandrababu Naidu has released his party’s 52 pages manifesto, which was its ideology for Andhra Pradesh state’s 2014 assembly elections purpose. The highlights of the manifesto, which the TDP has promised to fulfill to AP people if AP voters will elect this party to come to the powerin order to form a government were:
1 Waiver of agricultural crop loans for the farmers, Nine hours free power supply to farmers for farming and Farmer wise insurance for their respective crop loses.
2 Waiver of Development of Women and Children in Rural Areas (DWCRA) loans, Abolition of belt shops and special police system for women security.
3 One job for one house and Encouragement for manufacturing, services as well as Information Technology (IT) sectors.
4 Continuous power supply for industries and houses.
5 Provide free houses for all poor with an amount of Rs. 1,50,000/ for spending each house purpose and construct and give freely latrines for every house.
6 Older persons as well as widows will get the pension of Rs.1000/ per month each respective person and the disabled persons will get the pension of Rs.1,500/ per month for each person.
7 Establishment of old age shelters in every Assembly constituency.
8 It provides free education for each poor student from KG to PG and provide iPads to each college students.
9 It Provides safe water supply under NTR Sujala Scheme to every village as well as urban areas and supply of 20 liters mineral water kan with theprice Rs.2 for every house.
10 Implement a special budget allocation of Rs.10,000/ crores for the BCs and waiver of handlooms as well as power looms loans.
11 It will prepare Vision documentsin order to implement for every district, town, city, Mandalam as well as village.
12 The TDP will provide without a corruption rule9.
13 It has announced a separate budget for agriculture sector in addition to Rs. 5,000/ crores market intervention fund for rescuing farmers during the price fluctuations, It has also mentioned that the farmers opting for solar powered pumpsets will get each 75% subsidy and it will set up a state of art International agriculture solutions Institute for disseminating solutions through using latest technologies to farmers.
14 It has assured the setting up of skill development as well asplacement centers in all colleges, the government would announce a recruitment calendar every year and It has also assured an unemployment allowance of Rs.1000 to 2000 a month to each youth till each secure a job.
15 It has mentioned incentives like the government employees retirement age will be enhancing to 60 years, 5 days in a week will implement in all government offices and it has also offered regularization of services of close to 6 lakhs contract, contingency as well as outsourcing employees by phases manner.
16 It has mentioned the budget for health sector will be enhanced to at least 3.6% of the state’s GSDP, poor as well as lower income group families will get the health cards under the NTR health scheme, the corporate hospitals will be set up at every district as well as every mandalamheadquarters and a state level agency will be set up to monitor the health sector as a whole.
17 The TDP manifesto has mentioned, it willprovide 12 cylinders a year to families with the price of Rs. 100/ subsidy on each cylinder without insistence on Aadhar cards10 etc.
In contrast, another major regional party of the YSRCP, which was founded on 12-3-2011 by the Y.S. Jagan Mohan Reddy. He has announced his party’s manifesto promises to AP people for thisassembly election. The highlights of the manifesto were:
1 It has promised a Rs.100/ subsidy on cooking gas.
2 Construction of 50 Lakhs houses for the poor.
3 Visakhapatnam-Chennai industrial corridor.
4 Two lakhs jobs for women in rural areas.
5 Rs. 2,000/ crores calamity relief fund for farmers.
6 Waiver of Rs. 20,000/ crores loans for DWCRA self–help groups.
7 It will establish a Petro university at Visakhapatnam.
8 It will construct a Steel plant at YSR Kadapa district.
9 It will build a capital city better than Hyderabad.
10 It will start an Aamma Badi scheme under which Rs.500/ for every school going child will be credited directly in their respective mothers banks accounts.
11 For those persons who undergo surgeries under Arogyasree scheme, will giveRs. 3,000/per month till they return to work.
12 Development of existing airports at Visakhapatnam, Tirupati and Vijayawada into international airports.
13 13, It will provide loans for DWCRA groups without interest rate
14 Increase the monthly pension paid amount to old aged, destitute women from each Rs.200/ to Rs.700/ and each disabled person will get the pension of Rs.1000/ per month.
15 Provide zero percent interest loans on all crop loans to each farmer.
16 Supply 7 hours of quality power with free of cost to agriculture sector during day time.
17 It will ensure that the funds allocated under the Scheduled Castes (SCs) as well as Scheduled Tribes (STs) s will not be diverted and special educational institutions as well as institutions of vocational training will open for the SCs as well as STs.
18 It will establish three agricultural universities.
19 Construct an additional 40 lakhs sq. ft. of god owns all over the state to address the problem of lack of storage space for agricultural products11 etc.
However, other political parties have also released their respective election manifestos for this Assembly election. After conduct of this assembly election, results were declared by ECI on 16-5-2014. In this election results, the TDP, whose party’s symbol is bicycle has won 102 Members of Legislative Assembly (MLAs) seats. Its allianced party of BJP, whose party’s symbol is lotus for both national and States elections has won 4 MLAs seats. The YSRCP, whose party’s symbol is ceiling fan has won 67 MLAs seats. The rest of 2 MLAs seats were won by two different independent candidates. Later on out of these 2, one Chirala Assembly constituency independent MLA has joined the TDP. As a whole Assembly election, the TDP has got 1,33,72,862 votes. Where as the YSRCP has got 1,27,71,323 votes. Moreover, the TDP has got 46.3% of votes and the YSRCP has got 44.47% of votes12. The results of this VidhanSabha or Legislative Assembly election as well as Loksabha election have dismayed INC party. Because this party could not won even a single seat in both these two elections. Electoral fight here was happened mainly between the TDP and YSRCP. The TDP-BJP alliance was got some benefit through the support gave to it by one of the popular telugu cine star hero and founder of Jana Senaparty PawanKalyan. He is the younger brother of one of the top popular telugu cine star hero Chiranjeevi. So, the regional TDP has emerged as victory in this assembly election13.
Districts wise analysis of this State’s Assembly Election results:
As mentioned earlier, this state is consists of 13 districts. The Srikakulam district has 10 Legislative assembly constituencies. Out of these 10, one was reserved for the Scheduled Caste (SC), and another one was reserved for the Scheduled Tribe (ST). The TDP has won 7 MLAs seats and the YSRCP has won 3 MLAs seats in this district. There are 15 constituencies there in Visakhapatnam district. Out of these 15, one was reserved for the SCand 2 were reserved for the STs. The TDP has won 11 MLAs seats and its allay BJP has won 1 MLA seat. The rest of 3 MLAs seats won by the YSRCP in this district. East Godavari district is the largest in terms of number of constituencies among the districts. This district has 19 constituencies there. Out of these 19, three MLAs seats were reserved for the SCs and one was reserved for the ST. The TDP has won 12 MLAs seats and its allay BJP has won one seat. The YSRCP has won 5 MLAs seats. The rest of one MLA seat has won by an independent candidate in this district.
As far as the West Godavari district is concerned, there are 15 constituencies there. Out of these 15, three MLAs seats were reserved for the SCs and one MLA seat was reserved for the ST. The TDP has won 14 MLAs seats and its allay BJP has won one MLA seat. The YSRCP has did not won a single MLA seat in district. The Krishna district has 16 constituencies there. Out of these 16, three MLAs seats were reserved for the SCs. The TDP has won 10 MLAs seats and its allay BJP has won one MLA seat. The rest of 5 MLAs seats were won by the YSRCP in this district. Guntur district is the second largest in terms of number of constituencies. This district has 17 constituencies there. Out of these 17, three MLAs seats were reserved for the SCs. The TDP has won 12 MLAs seats and the rest of 5 MLAs seats were won by the YSRCP. There are 12 constituencies there in the Prakasam district. Out of these 12, three MLAs seats were reserved for the SCs. The TDP has won five MLAs seats. The YSRCP has won 6 MLAs seats. The rest of one MLA seat has won by an independent candidate in this district. The Nellore district has 10 constituencies there. Out of these 10, two MLAs seats were reserved for the SCs. The TDP has won 3 MLAs seats and the rest of 7 MLAs seats were won by the YSRCP. Compare to TDP, the YSRCP performance was better in this district.
The YSR Kadapa district has 10 constituencies there. Out of these 10, two MLAs seats were reserved for the SCs. The TDP has won only one MLA seat. The rest of 9 MLAs seats were won by the YSRCP. In fact, YSRCP’s Y. S. Jagan Mohan Reddy belongs to this district and his party’s performance in terms of won electoral seats was an excellent in this district. The Kurnool district has 14 constituencies there. Out of these 14, two MLAs seats were reserved for the SCs. The TDP has won 3 MLAs seats and the rest of 11 MLAs seats were won by the YSRCP. The YSRCP performance was good compare to TDP in this district. Anantapur district has also 14 constituencies there. Out of these 14, two MLAs seats were reserved for the SCs. The TDP has won 12 MLAs seats. The YSRCP has won only 2 MLAs seats. Compare to the YSRCP, TDP’s performance was good in this district. The Chittor district has also 14 constituencies there. Out of these14, three MLAs seats were reserved for the SCs. The TDP has won 6 MLAs seats and the rest of 8 MLAs seats were won by the YSRCP in this district. Finally, in Vizianagaram district, there are 9 legislative assembly constituencies there. This is the smallest district in terms of total number of MLAs seats. Out of these 9, one MLA seat was reserved for the SC and 2 MLAs seats were reserved for the STs. The TDP has won 6 MLAs seats and the YSRCP has won the rest of 3 MLAs seats in this district14.
A political party or alliance parties needed to win 88 seats, out of 175 Legislative Assembly constituencies to form the government in order to rule Andhra Pradesh state people. As already mentioned, the TDP has won 102 seats. It has won 14 more MLAs seats than required crossing half way mark of 88 seats to form the government without depending on its allianced BJP MLAs seats. This was clearly evident that AP voters have gave voted mandate to the TDP. Consequently, TDP has formed the government under its party president leadership of N. Chandrababu Naidu, who became sworn as the Chief Minister of Andhra Pradesh state on 8-6-2014. The main causes for the TDP’s victory in this election were massive resentment as well as strong incumbency against INC party for its 10 years united AP rule, TDP’s election manifesto was also very much convinced the voters in order to elect its party candidates etc. The YSRCP, which was a newly established party has emerged victorious in 67 assembly constituencies 15. This performance was happened because of party’s president leadership of popular Y.S. Jagan Mohan Reddy. He is the son of late former two times INC party Chief minister Dr.Y.S. Raja Sekhar Reddy. In fact, the YSRCP under its leader Y. S. Jagan Mohan Reddy is became only one single opposition party in this state. However, later some of its party MLAs have left this party and joined the TDP. The present strength of YSRCP MLAs are 4616. But despite this, this party is very strong in this state.
III. Analysis of Telangana state Assembly election results of 2014:
After Andhra Pradesh state’s bifurcation, Telangana state’s capital city is Hyderabad. Its total area is 1,12,077 sq. kms. The literacy rate is 66.46%. However, unlike Andhra Pradesh state, ECI has issued the schedule for Telangana Loksabha poll date under the 8th phase, which was held on 30-4-2014. ECI has also issued a notification for conducting this state’s first Legislative Assembly (LA) election was on 2-4-2014. In this notification has mentioned the number of constituencies going to poll was 119. The last date for filing nominations was on 9-4-2014. The scrutiny of nominations of candidates date was on 10-4-2014. The last date for withdrawal of candidature was on 12-4-2014. The date of election poll was on 30-4-2014. This was the same date for Loksabha election 2014 also. So, simultaneous elections were held in this same date. More over, counting of both elections for declaringresults date was on 16-5-2014. The date before which assembly election completed was on 28-5-2014. This reveals that dates were different for conducting assembly elections for Andhra Pradesh and Telangana states. But declaration of results date was same for both these two states. It is also observed that first Legislative Assembly election was conducted in Telangana and after that in Andhra Pradesh state.
The major political parties, which were contested in this Telanganastate assembly election was Telangana Rashtra Samithi (TRS), INC party, TDP, BJP, All India Majlis-E-Ittehadul Muslimeen (AIMIM), YSRCP, Communist Party of India (CPI), Communist Party of India (Marxist) (CPI(M)) and Bahujan Samaj Party (BSP) etc. The main major regional party of this state is TRS. The TRS under its party president has issued the 32 pages of its party’s election manifesto for this assembly election 2014 purpose. The major highlights of this manifesto promises to the people of this state were:
1 Establishment of a State advisory council.
2 Provide water except urban for cultivation upto one lakh acres in every assembly constituency.
3 Fight for change the design of polavaram.
4 Waiver of farm crop loans upto 1 lakh for each farmer.
5 Eight hours free quality power supply for farming and Government will be there with farmers from their respective cultivation to their respective marketing stage.
6 Provide free compulsory education from KG to PG to the students, establishment of new universities as well as Gurukula schools, establishment of a government engineering college in every district and establishment of a Polytechnic college in every constituency.
7 Establishment of 100 beds area hospital in every constituency.
8 Each Old and each widow person will get the pension of Rs.1000/ per month and each disabled person will get Rs.1,500/per month.
9 It will allocate coming up 5 years of Rs.50 thousand crores for development as well as welfare for the SCs and landless every house of SCs will get 3 acres of cultivated land.
10 Provide 12% reservation for the STs, landless STs will get the 3 acres of cultivated type land and establishment of a Tribal university for the STs.
11 Allocation for spending of 25 thousand crores for overall development of the BCs in coming up 5 years, allocation of Rs.1,000/ crores every year to the BC finance Corporation and establishment of a BC commission in its Telangana state.
12 It will With draw the ban on toddy shops in Hyderabad.
13 Establishment of women banks, Women University, women police stations, women welfare board and women commission in this state.
14 Minorities will get 12% reservation in this state
15 It will declare Urdu will be the second state official language and establish a Urdu academy.
16 Construction of special burial places for Muslims, Christians, Sikhs and Jains.
17 Give special increment for all government employees in Telangana, Government will be friendly towards government employees and there will be no transfersupto 3 years to all government employees.
18 Regularisation of local Telangana Contract employees services through following the rule of reservation
19 It will Increase salaries for the RTC labourers
20 It will provide houses sites as well as houses to journalists and establish a journalist Bhavan at Hyderabad.
21 Establishment of a mining university at Kothagudem
22 Provide 24 hours continuous power supply to industries and give licenses to industries through single window.
23 Provide 24 hours power supply to every village in coming up 5 years and provide internet facility to every village
24 Establishment of agricultural dependent industries at each Mandalam levels.
25 Establishment of solar street lights in all urban areas and supply purified drinking water to all urban areas population in coming up 5 years.
26 Development of forests from the present 26% to more than 33% for this state.
27 Establishment of multipurpose cultural center in every district and establishment of a cultural university.
28 Provide 2 % reservation for each sports person for admission into educational institutions as well as employment purpose, establishment of excellent sports academys at every district level and establishment of a multipurpose sports stadium at every mandalam level.
29 Removal of cases for those who were involved in Telangana statehood movement.
30 Provide everyday 24 hours power supply and water supply to Hyderabad city.
31 Cleaning of the Musiriver.
32 Establishment of one more international airport at Hyderabad.
33 It will create 14 new districts in the Telangana state17 etc. After this state’s election, the TRS won majority seats and came to power. It is found that the TRS government under the Chief minister ship of K. Chandrasekhar Rao has increased the districts from 10 to 31 districts. But in the TRS assembly election 2014 manifesto has mentioned the creation of only these 14 new districts. However, the present Telangana state comprises 31 districts. The largest district is BhadradriKothagudem, where as the Hyderabad is the smallest among the 31 districts. More over, the districts names are as follows such as Adilabad district, Bhadradri Kothagudem, Hyderabad, Jagtial, Jangaon, Jayashankar Bhupalpally, Jogulamba Gadwal, Kamareddy, Karimnagar, Khammam, KumuramBheem, Mahabubabad, Mahbubnagar, Mancherial, Medak, Medchal, Nagar Kurnool, Nalgonda, Nirmal, Nizamabad, Peddapalli, RajannaSircilla, Ranga Reddy, Sangareddy, Siddipet, Suryapet, Vikarabad, Wanaparthy, Warangal (Rural), Warangal (Urban) and Yadadri Bhuvanagiri district.18
In contrast, INC party has also released its manifesto for this assembly election purpose. The main highlights of the manifesto was as follows:
1 One lakh government jobs for unemployed persons in the first year and one lakh more jobs district wise in another 3 years.
2 Seven hours power supply for farmers
3 Focuss on utilization of solar power
4 Homes for the journalists
5 Study centres for the BCs, SCs and minorities
6 Widow and old age pensions to be hiked to Rs.1,000/per month.
7 A medical college for each district
8 Security for all in Hyderabad19 etc.
However, other political parties have also released their respective manifestos for this assembly election purpose. The TRS through its party candidates has contested in order to win in this election without an alliance party or parties. Like in Andhra Pradesh, the TDP had an electoral alliance tie up with the BJP was there in this state also. As per this, BJP has contested 8 out of 17 MP seats and 47 out of 119 MLAs seats. The rest of seats were contested by the TDP through its party candidates. Assembly election results were declared by ECI through assistance of the concerned Returning officers of respective Assembly constituencies. Moreover, in this general legislative assembly election, TRS has won 63 MLAs seats, INC party has won 21 seats, the TDP has won 15 seats and its allianced party BJP has won 5seats, AIMIM party has won 7 seats, the YSRCP has won 3 seats, CPI has won 1 seat, CPI (M) has won 1 seat, BSP has won 2 seats and I MLA seat has won by an independent candidate. So, it reveals that TRS has won this election.
Districts wise analysis of this State’s assembly election results:
The total number of constituencies in Adilabad district are 10. Out of these 10, two MLAs seats were reserved for the SCs and 3 MLAs seats were reserved for the STs. The TRS has won 7 MLAs seats, the BSP has won 2 and INC party has won 1 MLA seat in this district. There are 9 constituencies there in Nizamabad district. This is the small district in terms of number of constituencies among the 10 districts. Out of this district’s these 9, one seat was reserved for the SC. All 9 MLAs seats of this district has won by the TRS party. The TRS electoral won performance was very good in this district. In Karimnagar district, there are 13 constituencies there. Out of these 13, three seats were reserved for the SCs. The TRS has won 12 MLAs seats and INC has won only one MLA seat. The TRS performance was good in this district. There are 10 constituencies there in Medak district. Out of these 10, two seats were reserved for the SCs. The TRS has won 8 seats and the rest of 2 MLAs seats were won by INC party.
As far as the Ranga Reddy district is concerned, there are 14 constituencies there. Out of these 14, two seats were reserved for the SCs. The TRS has won 4 MLAs seats, TDP has won 7 seats and its allay BJP has won 1 seat and the rest of 2 MLAs seats were won by INC party in this district. Hyderabad district is the largest in terms of total number of constituencies among the State’s all districts. There are 15 constituencies there in this district. Out of these 15, one seat was reserved for the SCs. The TRS has won only one MLA seat, AIMIM has won 7 seats, TDP has won 3 seats and its allay BJP has won 4 MLAs seats in this district. There are 14 constituencies there in Mahbubnagar district. Out of these 14, two seats were reserved for the SCs. The TRS has won 7 MLAs seats, INC has won 5 seats and the remaining 2 MLAs seats were won by the TDP in this district. Nalgonda district has 12 constituencies there. Out of these 12, two seats were reserved for the SCs and one seat was reserved for the STs. The TRS has won 6 MLAs seats, INC has won 5 seats and the rest of one MLA seat has won by the CPI in this district. There are 12 constituencies there in Warangal district as well. Out of these 12, two seats were reserved for the SCs and 3 seats were reserved for the STs. The TRS has won 8 MLAs seats, TDP has won 2 seats, INC has won 1 seat and the rest of 1 MLA seat has won by an independent candidate in this district. Finally, in Khammam district, there are 10 constituencies there. Out of these 10, two MLAs seats were reserved for the SCs, 5 MLAs seats were reserved for the STs. The TRS has won only 1 MLA seat, INC has won 4 seats, TDP has won 1 seat, YSRCP has won 3 seats and the rest of 1 MLA seat has won by the CPI (M) in this district20.
However, the political parties are needed to win 60 MLAs seats out of total 119 assembly constituencies to form the state government in this Telangana. As mentioned earlier, the TRS has won 63 MLAs seats. It has won 2 more additional MLAs than the required 60 to form the government. This is evident that Telangana state voters have gave mandate to their TRS party. Consequently, TRS has formed the government under its party president leadership of K. Chandrasekhar Rao, who became sworn as the first Chief Minister of new born Telangana state in its formation day on 2-6-2014. The main reasons for this TRS victory was its promised election manifesto for the Telangana people, voters were satisfied that TRS party is belongs to their own state’sregional party and they also satisfied that TRS had worked for the creation of Telangana state. This state’s assembly election results have also proved that the creation of new Telangana state by the Congress led UPA Central government was justified.
To sum up this article, it is observed that ECI has conducted fairly as well as successfully for both these two states of Andhra Pradesh and Telangana assemblies elections in order to form governments in these two states. Voters of both these two states will see the performance for the welfare of the peoplesbypresent these two states governments. If they satisfy, they will elect these two parties governments again after the same completion of their each respective states 5 years tenures in 2019. If they do not satisfy these two governments performance, they will change these two governments and elect through their votes different whether single party or coalition parties governments in both of their respective states.
1 Government of India (2015), The Constitution of India, Ministry of Law and Justice, Legislative Department, New Delhi, Indiacode.nic.in/coiweb/welcome.html, dated 2-6-2017.
2 K.C.Suri (2016), “Andhra Pradesh: Political Dynamics of Regionalism, Formation of new states in India’’,working paper, Institute of South Asian Studies, National University of Singapore, No. 221, 22 January.
3 K.C.Suri (2002), “Democratic Process and Electoral Politics in Andhra Pradesh, India”, working paper 180, Overseas Development Institute, London, UK, September.
4 www.ap.gov.in, Andhra Pradesh State Portal, Official Portal of Andhra Pradesh Government, dated 5-6-2017.
5 www.telangana.gov.in, Telangana State Portal, dated 3-6-2017.
6 P.K. Malhotra, Secretary to the Government of India (2014), “The Andhra Pradesh Reorganisation Act 2014”, The Gazettee of India, Ministry of Law and Justice(Legislative Department), Published by authority, New Delhi, March 1.
7 www.eci.nic.in, dated 3-6-2017
8 www.livemint.com, dated 10-6-2017
9 Andhra Pradesh manifesto 2014 by Telugu Desam Party (Telugu), TDP office, Hyderabad, Internet.
10 M.Rajeev (2014), “Farm sector gets the pride of place in TDP manifesto”, The Hindu, Hyderabad, April 2.
11 YSRCP manifesto: What does it hold for the Public-Sakshipost, Internet, dated 3-6-2017
12 S.N.C.N. Acharyulu (2014), “TDP vs YSRCP: Small margin, big difference in seemandhra”, Deccan Chronicle, Hyderabad, 18 the May.
13 E. Venkatesh and K. C. Suri (2014), “Regional Parties win favour in divided Andhra Pradesh”, The Hindu, 25th May.
14 ceoandhra.nic.in, dated 1-6-2017
15 Press Trust of India (2014), “Election News”, 18th May, Internet.
16 www.ysrcongress.com,dated 10-6-2017
17 trspartyonline.org, TelanganaRashtraSamithi Election manifesto 2014 (Telugu), Telangana Bhavan, Hyderabad.
18 www.telangana.gov.in, dated 5-12-2017
19 https:// hyderabaddaily.com, dated 10-6-2017
20 ceotelangana.nic.in, dated 2-6-2017.
Received on 05.04.2018 Modified on 26.04.2018
Accepted on 02.05.2018 ©AandV Publications All right reserved