Utilization of Agricultural Land and Crop Structure in Rajnandgaon District (Chhattisgarh)

 

Dr. (Mrs.) Nivedita A. Lall

Head, Department of Geography, Govt. Digvijay College Rajnangaon

 

 

INTIRODUCTION: -

Agriculture is the foothold of economic development. After independence, the tendency towards Industrialization in comparison to agriculture has been increased which let minimize the importance of agriculture. Agriculture is the root of economical status of Rajnandgaon district of Chhattisgarh state, in which more than 2/3 population depends.

 

STUDY AREA :-

Rajnandgaon district has been located in the North – Eastern area of newly formed Chhattisgarh state. The longitudinal expansion of this district is in the middle of 19057, North to 21042’ North Longitude and the latitudinal expansion is 80023’ East to 81023’ Eastern latitude. The western border of the district has been determined by Maharashtra state’s Bhandara district and in the same way, the North – Eastern border has been determined by Balaghat and Mandala district. In the border of North – Eastern region, Durg and Raipur district and in the southern region, Bastar district are situated. The total expansion of the district is 8022.55 square km. In Administrative viewpoint it is divided in to 9 Blocks. In Geographical view this district has been located in the catchment of shivnath river and its riverets. The average height of the district from the sea level is 330.70 M. The average yearly rainfall is 934.9 mm (2009-10)

 

According to the census of 2001 the total population of the district is 12,83,224 Agriculture is the main occupation of the people and PADDY is main crop and it is cultivated in 72.38% part of overall agricultural fields.

 

AIM OF STUDY :-

In the present research paper attention  is paid to the agricultural development, utilization of land crop structure, by which the development of poor condition of the Agriculture dependency could be discussed. It is a burning issue in today’s scenario.

 

SOURCES OF THE DATA : -

Present Research paper is based on the published books, Research books, Research papers and the secondary data published by census department on the Agricultural land’s utilization and crops. The percentage has been used by Crops. The percentage has been used by assuming Nine blocks of Rajnandgaon district as units .

 

 


UTILIZATION OF LAND :-

As per his necessity, Interest, ability, Technical knowledge and skill, man makes the best selection of the resources and uses them skillfully by which he fulfills. The aims of production, marketing and consumption for building the economical geographical scenario.

 

Through conventional economical structure, the persistence of gradual development can be seen by the uses of given natural resources and their availability should made useful for long time. Though economical management of the this kind we could not see much changes in land utilization but on the other hand the maximum production and well expanded marketing and the availability status of consumer market in inter provincial, International and Intercontinental phenomenon, has made the uses of natural lands, Impractical and unconcluded in which the condition of necessary changes has been developed. In the developing and developed countries the status of land utilization has been seen to be same because of modern informational and technological growth.

 

The following table shows the pure status of land utilization in Rajnandgaon district through equal numbering medium.

 

Table No. -1Rajnandgaon district – Land Utilization status (2008-2009)

S.No.

Description

Land (in Hectare)

Percentage

1

Forest Area *

98425

15.82

2

Net Cultivated Land **

354213

56.93

3

Follow Land

48271

7.76

4

Uncultivated Land

53621

8.62

5

Not available for cultivation

67638

10.87

 

Total Geographical Area

622168

100.00

* As reported the forest Area, includes the reserved forests, preserved forests and other forest area and in rural paper’s the reported forests has been included.

 

** In the net cultivated fields the double crops fields are not included

Through the study and analysis of this table it is clear that only 15.82% forest area exists as forest land in Rajnandgaon district. Though it was 36.48% in the district according to the 1991 study. Because of the contraction of forest area, the areal climate and environment has been effected badly. This is the reason that today environtalists are demanding forest preservation and tree planting immensely. 26.63% of the total population is tribal in Rajnandaon district. Because of the Government policies the population depending on the forestial products has also been decreasing very quickly. The result of administrative restriction on open collection of various forest products is that the tribal's are constantly changing the forest land in to agricultural lands. It is also a reason of contraction of forests.

 

Under purely agricultural land of the district 56.93% of the total land comes which is 34.50% of the entire agricultural lands of Chhattisgarh. Rajnandgaon district economical life is based on agriculture, which represent the rural economical system. Here we find demanding market for agricultural products and forest products in areal and state level. There is a historical role of agricultural and forestial products in the development of Rajnandgaon district. Numerically agriculture based industries occupy the most important place now a days. The influxation of rural population of rural population for secondary and thirdly occupations to the centers of labours is continuous. This influxation indicates the economical growth in rural families.

 

CROP STRUCTURE: -

In Areal economical scenario, the agricultural organizations are holding an important Place. The geographical status of Rajnandgaon district is favorable for the paddy crop. In this area, the total cultivating land per capita is 0.35 hectare and grain productivity per capita is 211 kg.. (In status of March 2009)

 


 

Table No. -2 Block wise land Utilization  in Rajnandgaon district (2008 – 2009)

S.No.

Block

Forest Area

Net Cultivated Land

Fallow Land

Uncultivated Land

Not available for cultivation

1

Chhuikhadan

7136

44421

4154

8871

8105

2

Khairagarh

584

60175

4683

4747

8645

3

Dongargarh

8771

45025

5897

5245

7957

4

Rajnandgaon

25

48222

7379

5770

9163

5

Chhuria

6939

48894

7497

5945

8919

6

Dongargaon

608

29167

2444

2674

5133

7

Ambagarh Chowki

8984

28090

4748

3181

8065

8

Mohala

24657

26074

6073

6027

5750

9

Manpur

40721

24145

5396

11161

5901

Source :- Superintendent, land Records, Rajnandgaon


 


Table No. – 3 Rajnandgaon District :- Prominent crops under empowered area and production. Year 2008-2009

S.No.

 

Empowered Area

Production

Area (In hectare)

Percentage

Quantity

(Met. Ton)

Percentage

1

GRAINS

 

 

 

 

A

Paddy

271256

72.38

211.86

78.35

B

Wheat

12857

3.43

9.26

3.42

C

Maize

1205

0.32

1.17

0.43

D

Oat

55

0.014

0.07

0.03

2

PULSES

 

 

 

 

A

Gram

40602

10.84

26.44

9.78

B

Arhar

2500

0.67

1.43

0.53

C

Udad

7508

2.00

2.12

0.78

3

OIL SEEDS

 

 

 

 

A

Soya bean

19073

5.09

17.83

6.59

B

Sesamum

661

0.18

0.14

0.06

C

Peanut

4

0.001

0.01

0.00

4

OTHERS

19047

5.08

0.09

0.03

 

TOTAL

374768

100.00

270.42

100.00

* SOURCE :- Superintendent, Land Records, Rajnandgaon.

** In this data irrigated and non-irrigated and kharif and Rabi crops are also included.

 

 


By the study of the table it is clear that 76.14% of the cultivated land consists of food grain and 13.51% of pulses out of the total cultivated land. Similarly, grains have been sown in 89.65% of total cultivated land, But these areas gave the total production of 93.39% in which paddy’s total production is 78.35% in 72.38% of area, in which indicates the “PADDY RECOURSING AGRICULTURE”

 

Dearth of amplification of irrigational facilities and the centralization of farmers towards the cultivation of Paddy, are the reasons which have proved to be impediment in the path of rural agricultural programmes and who failed to assure the desirable participation for building proper atmosphere for currency making crops. Paddy recoursing agriculture, economic system also created poverty, Backwardness and low class life style for areal formers.

 

From economical point of view, Gram has first order and soya bean has the second succession in Rabi crops. Khairagarh, Rajnandgaon and chhuikhadan blocks have the capacity of more production of Rabi crops in comparison to other block. The production of sugarcane is 0.09 Met. Ton. At the commercial level there is minimum number of the contiguous people in the production of various types fruits and green vegetables.

 

The crop structure of any region is not certain and stable, although it is influenced by geographical, economical, technical and organizational factors. The cultivation system is affected directly by economical factors like the cost of crops, the size of form, crops insurance, availability of agricultural resources, for instance, seeds, fertilizers, water, medicines arrangement of go downs, convenience for marketing branches, Transportation landing system etc and natural factors like soils, climate, weather Rain and temperature. Besides economical and agricultural policies of government and under organization system, farmers are also affected by the personal standpoint of maximum gaining of income. But through the irrigational convenience, in all these factors not only the cultivation of costly grains and cash crops are possible but also double, triple and multi cropping system could be done. Through the facility of irrigation the conventional agricultural system can be improved. There is a positive effect which could be noticed in a particular area’s cropping circle and cropping structure, through the uses of developed seeds and new technologies. The positive changes in crop circle and crop structure of Punjab, Hariyana, Western Uttar Pradesh and Ganganagar district of Rajasthan.

 

CONCLUSION: -

Land is the non-reproducible natural resource of production. So it is not possible to increase its quantity. The increasing demand of employment and grains by raising population has made the total consumption of total frontiers of land. In this situation, the demand of planned and rational use land and opportunate cropping system has been accreted.

 

The district dense agricultural programmes, Green revolution, Technical missions and Tribal welfare programmes have influenced farmers positively. Because of these programmes the farmer are utilizing new techniques of agriculture, chemical fertilizers, developed seeds, pesticides, and germicides in expedient amount. But because of the conventional viewpoint of farmers paddy is the main crop of state, the quantity of peasants who follow traditional agricultural system is significant. In this situation educational development, density of mutual communication have made their deep mark in society, so it could be said that, in near future agricultural lands can be used with modern thoughtful changes in place of traditional way immensely and cropping structure would be converted from subsistence oriented crops to commercial oriented crops.

 

SUMMARY:-

Focus has been made on the strategic forming of agricultural development in Rajnandgaon district, issues like land utilization and cropping structure have been centralized. Because of agricultural dependent economical life, This district is an economical area which is a representative of rural economical system.

 

The constant influxation and centralization to secondary and thirdly occupations, which demand labour is continuous in rural population. Paddy recoursing agricultural economics results in poverty to farmers, their backwardness and low class life style.

 

According to 1991 study the cultivating area was 12% of the total irrigational area. In approximately two decades the cropping area increased its poreent, that the 20% of total irrigation area, which indicates and encouraging status, but after the  formation of Chhattisgarh state and implementation of many ambitious programs of five years plans, This growth can not be called satisfactory.

 

REFERENCES :-

1.    District statistics Booklet 1991 & 2010 Rajnandgaon (C.G.)

2.       Kumar, Pramila & Sharma, S.k. Krishi Bhoogal, M.P. Hindi granth academy Kurukshetra-Jan & Feb. 2005

3.       Verma, L.N. Land ulilization & croping structure in C.G.     Educational woves July – Sept 2010

4.       Negi B.S. Agricultural Geography, Kedarnath, Ramnath, Meerut

5.       Agrawal, N.L. Economics in Indian Agrculture,Rajasthan Hindi

          Granth Academy, Japur

6.       Kamlesh, S.R.Chhattisgarh, EK Bhogolik Samiksta Vasundhara

          Publication  2002.

7.       Tiwari, V.K. Chhattisgarh – A Geographical Study, Himalaya Pub. New Delhi 2001

 

 

 

Received on 10.08.2011

Accepted on 14.09.2011

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