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Research Journal of Humanities and Social Sciences
ISSN: 0975-6795(Online), 2321-5828(Print)
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Migration and Dwelling of Arasbaran Tribe in Iran
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Department of Iranian Studies Yerevan State University, Yerevan, Armenia
Arasbaran or Qaradagh is the name of region that is located in the longitude of 46°15´ to 47°25´ and in the latitude of 38°20´ to 39°23´, the region comprises three cities which includes Ahar, Kaleybar and Varzeghan which is located in East Azarbaijan province, Iran. Having cool weather, mountains with more grazing lands and a great river like Aras caused Arasbaran or Qaradagh tribe which has 6 clans called 1-chalbyanlu 2-Gharachorlu 3-Mohammad-khanlu 4-Hossein-kulu 5- Haji-Alilu 6-Dash-Garus, to choose this area as their own permanent and current habitant.Arasbaran tribe do vertical migration (i.e. migration from low lands to grazing lands) to use pastures which they called it as “Qeshlagh” (summering place) and “Yaylagh (winteringplace). They use two methods in this migration: in traditional method they use animals to carry their own living materials on foot, and in vehicular method they use trucks and cars. We should note that they were using some kind of swelling called “Alachigh” in the past in Qeshlagh and Yaylagh region which was made of wood and sheep’s wool. Also,they were using other kinds of dwellings called Kowme and Chatma. But nowadays they use these shelters just in Yaylagh and use houses made of building materials (like cement andbrick) in Qeshlagh.
Arasbaran, migrants, migration, Qeshlagh, Yaylagh, dwelling
Hojjat Niknafs . Migration and Dwelling of Arasbaran Tribe in Iran. Research J. Humanities and Social Sciences 2016; 7(1): 47-53.
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